Gun saftey training a young boy

Gun Safety 101: Essential Tips for Safe Handling and Storage of Firearms

Gun safety is important to ensure the safety of individuals and communities. Guns are powerful tools that can cause serious injury or death if not used properly.

Basic Gun Handling Safety Rules

Here are some basic gun handling safety rules:

  • Always treat a gun as if it is loaded, even if you think it isn’t.
  • Keep your finger off the trigger until you are ready to shoot.
  • Never point a gun at anything you don’t want to shoot.
  • Be sure of your target and what is beyond it.
  • Safe storage of firearms is also important. Guns should be stored in a locked cabinet or safe, away from children and unauthorized users. If you keep a gun in your home, it is important to also keep the ammunition in a separate, locked location.

Handling Guns at Home

When handling firearms in the home, it is important to always follow the basic gun handling safety rules. You should also make sure that the gun is not loaded when you are cleaning it or handling it for any other reason. It is also a good idea to keep the gun unloaded and locked up when it is not in use.

Handling Guns at the Range

When handling firearms at a range, it is important to follow the rules of the range. This may include wearing ear and eye protection, following range commands, and only handling firearms when you are on the firing line. It is also important to never point a gun at anyone, even if it is not loaded.

By following these safety guidelines, you can help prevent accidents and ensure the safe handling of firearms.

Safe Storage of Firearms

Safe storage of firearms is important to ensure the safety of individuals and communities. Guns should be stored in a locked cabinet or safe, away from children and unauthorized users. If you keep a gun in your home, it is important to also keep the ammunition in a separate, locked location.

One way to safely store firearms is to use a gun safe. A gun safe is a heavy, metal container with a lock that is specifically designed to store guns. Gun safes come in a variety of sizes and can hold one or several guns. Some gun safes also have additional features, such as fire resistance or the ability to be bolted to the floor.

Another option for storing firearms is to use a locked cabinet or closet. These should also be kept away from children and unauthorized users. It is important to make sure that the lock is secure and cannot be easily picked or opened.

It is also a good idea to keep guns unloaded and locked up when they are not in use. This can help prevent accidents, such as a child finding a loaded gun and accidentally discharging it.

By following these guidelines for safe storage of firearms, you can help prevent accidents and ensure the safety of your family and community.

More Gun Safety Rules

Gun safety rules are important for everybody to learn because the misuse of a gun can be deadly for you and others around you.

All guns should be treated with respect and caution.

Responsible gun owners know the importance of gun safety because they don’t want themselves, or anyone else, to be involved in an avoidable accident.

Every time you use a gun you are putting lives at risk if you have not learned how to safely handle a firearm.

Gun Safety Rules

If the common rules of gun safety are followed, none of the tragic accidents involving guns would happen.

That means all accidental gun deaths would be avoided if firearms safety rules were taught and followed.

At the most basic level, here’s one simple rule to remember:

Don’t be stupid with guns!

For more useful details let’s look at some popular sets of gun safety rules from professional organizations related to firearms.



The National Rifle Association (NRA), has outlined the basics of gun safety.
The three fundamental NRA rules for gun safety are:
  1. ALWAYS Keep The Gun Pointed In A Safe Direction
  2. ALWAYS Keep Your Finger Off The Trigger Until Ready To Shoot
  3. ALWAYS Keep The Gun Unloaded Until Ready To Use

When using or storing a gun, always follow these additional nine NRA rules:

  1. Know your target and what is beyond.
  2. Know how to use the gun safely.
  3. Be sure the gun is safe to operate.
  4. Use only the correct ammunition for your gun.
  5. Wear eye and ear protection as appropriate.
  6. Never use alcohol, over-the-counter drugs or prescription drugs before or while shooting.
  7. Store guns so they are not accessible to unauthorized persons.
  8. Be Aware of Additional Safety Precautions that may apply to specific guns or shooting situations
  9. Clean your gun to keep it operating properly. Make sure its unloaded while cleaning.


Next, let’s look at four common gun safety rules.

Gun Manufacturers Safety Rules

Gun manufacturers are keenly aware of the power of guns.

That’s why most have their own rules for gun safety.

Glock is one of the most popular gun manufacturers in the world.

They include 12 gun safety rules with every gun purchase.

When I bought my Glock G45 Gen 5 pistol, it came with a booklet on firearm safety that also included these rules.

Here is a small part of that handbook:

The Basic Rules of Firearm Safety by Glock Inc.

Basic Firearm Safety Rules

From the time the first colonists landed on American shores, firearms played an essential role in our survival, both as a nation and as individuals.

Today over 70 million Americans own and use firearms, and the Federal Government estimates that firearms are kept in over half the households in this country.

With this freedom must come responsibility.

As a firearms owner and user, you must take responsibility for the safe handling and safe storage of your guns.

You are taking the first step by reading this handbook, but you can go further by enrolling in any one of the numerous shooting safety courses available throughout the country.

Firearms safety is up to you!

  1. Handle all firearms as if they were loaded.
  2. Always keep the firearm pointed in a safe direction. 2b. Remember: You should never point a gun (weather loaded or unloaded) at another person or at yourself.
  3. Keep your finger out of the gun’s trigger guard and off the trigger until you have aligned the gun’s sights on a safe target and you have made the decision to fire.
  4. Always be certain that your target and the surrounding area are safe before firing.
  5. Whenever you handle a firearm, the first thing you should do (while keeping it pointed in a safe direction with your finger outside the trigger guard) is to open the action to determine wether or not the firearm is loaded.
  6. Thoroughly read the instruction manual supplied with your firearm.
  7. Before firing your weapon, you should routinely make sure that your firearm is in good working order and that the barrel is clear of dirt and obstructions.
  8. Only use ammunition recommended by the firearm manufacturer, and always be certain that the ammunition matches the caliber of your gun.
  9. Quality ear and eye protection should always be worn when shooting or observing.
  10. Never use firearms while under the influence of drugs or alcohol.
  11. All firearms should be stored unloaded and secured in a safe storage case, inaccessible to children and untrained adults.
  12. The transportation of firearms is regulated by Federal, State, and local laws. Always transport your firearm in a safe, unloaded condition and in accordance with applicable laws.

The Glock Gun Safety Rules handbook includes a lot more detail for each point.

Here is a link to Glock’s official gun safety rules.

These safety rules are extremely valuable and will prevent injury and death when they are followed closely.